Accelerating the implementation of the Paris Agreement in Viet Nam

The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE), the Ministry of Planning and Investment (MPI), the NDC Partnership (NDC-P) and Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, commissioned by Germany’s Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), organised an international workshop in Hanoi on 7 November in an effort to enhance cross-sectoral cooperation and donor coordination for the implementation of the Paris Agreement in Viet Nam. The goal of the workshop was to share and discuss the initial results of a monitoring framework to track progress on Viet Nam´s Plan for Implementation of the Paris Agreement (PIPA) and to coordinate the effective use of resources to implement this plan.

The monitoring framework was developed by GIZ and MONRE and supported by the NDC-P. It consists of a set of indicators and corresponding reporting templates. Line ministries and sub-national governments will report annually on task-specific indicators via an online platform (NDC Portal). During the workshop, GIZ showcased a prototype of this digital solution that aims to enhance transparency and effectiveness in reporting. An internal component will provide a channel to report on PIPA progress to Viet Nam’s National Committee for Climate Change, which is chaired by the Prime Minister. PIPA serves as the basis for implementing the Paris Agreement in Viet Nam. It sets out 68 specific tasks, both pre-2020 and post-2020, that will ensure Viet Nam’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) is achieved. The NDC portal will show public accountability towards achieving Viet Nam´s climate targets as stated in its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC). In addition, it will support coordination by national stakeholders and development partners that are supporting PIPA tasks and will inform policy dialogue.

In the run-up to the workshop, MONRE, with support from the NDC-P, conducted a gap analysis on support for PIPA. This gap analysis was based on a mapping of donor support for PIPA compiled by GIZ. The mapping resulted in an extensive and searchable list of almost 600 records. The list contains references to specific PIPA tasks for each project and indicates the amount of funding, the project lifetime and addresses the (sub-)sector(s) and main objectives.

In August 2018, MONRE sent a letter to the NDC Partnership requesting additional support from NDC-P members for PIPA tasks that required further resources according to the gap analysis. During the workshop, MONRE and MPI again set out priority areas needing support from development partners. The NDC-P Technical Support Unit compiled answers from various development partners and highlighted readiness to provide (additional) support.

Further discussions about the operationalisation of this support are due to take place in the next few weeks. Participants then plan to commence the joint formulation of a ‘NDC Implementation Platform’ so that development partners and line ministries may engage in future results-oriented dialogue on targeted support to accelerate PIPA implementation. A parallel pilot phase is envisaged to report on PIPA progress using the NDC portal.

Work on the PIPA monitoring framework was initiated under the GIZ ‘Creation of an overarching framework for nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs) and measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) in Viet Nam’ project, funded by the German Environment Ministry’s (BMU) International Climate Initiative (IKI) and jointly implemented by GIZ and the Viet Nam Institute of Meteorology, Hydrology and Climate Change (IMHEN). While this project formally concluded at the end of September, support to operationalise the PIPA monitoring framework and the NDC process for the Vietnamese government will continue under the ‘Support to Viet Nam for the Implementation of the Paris Agreement (SIPA)’ project, also funded by IKI.