Viet Nam: Elaboration of a National Roadmap for the Implementation of the Paris Agreement

In response to the successful adoption of the Paris Agreement, Viet Nam is currently working on the development of a national roadmap for the implementation of the new international climate agreement.

Due to its long coastline and vast areas that lie less than one meter above sea level, Viet Nam is one of the countries the most severely affected by climate change. The Government of Viet Nam therefore has a keen interest in the global reduction of Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions in order to limit the average temperature rise to 2°C. In this regard Viet Nam is undertaking a number of measures to mitigate emissions and adapt to the consequences of climate change.

For the elaboration of its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC), Viet Nam drew upon technical advice from the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) (see Mitigation Newsletter Issue No. 9). Viet Nam consequently submitted its INDC to the UNFCCC Secretariat in September 2015.

In the context of its INCD the Government of Viet Nam announced an 8% reduction in GHG emissions by 2030 compared to the business as usual (BAU) scenario (unconditional target). With additional international support this contribution could increase to 25% (conditional target). The largest mitigation potential is identified for the energy, waste, agriculture and land-use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF) sectors. In addition, a number of adaptation measures are planned, i.e. the development of a natural disaster management plan and measures to respond to sea level rise.

In the context of a COP21 debriefing workshop in Hanoi in January 2016, MONRE announced the elaboration of a national roadmap for the implementation of the Paris Agreement. To this end, line ministries, agencies, development partners and other relevant stakeholders came together at a technical workshop in March 2016 to initiate this process. The workshop helped identify the opportunities, challenges and points of action that Viet Nam needs to address by 2020 in order to implement the Paris Agreement successfully. Future measures will focus on adaptation, mitigation, climate finance, transparency and measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) as well as governance of climate change actions. An assessment and adjustment of already existing and future climate related strategies is intended to avoid overlaps and create a consistent overall strategy. The workshop was chaired by Dr Tran Hong Ha, Deputy Minister of MONRE, and was supported by UNDP and GIZ.

A two-day writing retreat was organised immediately after the workshop, during which a team of experts drafted the respective roadmap and prepared a High-level Forum (end of March/beginning of April- tbd) to present and discuss the drafts.

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