Published by
International Partnership on Mitigation and MRV

Knowledge Product: Institutional Arrangements for MRV

Developing a robust institutional framework that encompasses the relevant institutional entities as well as the necessary staff, systems and processes, is essential for an effective MRV system. However, the approaches that countries have taken vary widely, ranging from top-down integrated MRV systems that cover multiple reporting needs to bottom up systems that focus on a specific policy, action, or region. This paper explores some of the differing approaches countries have taken in designing their institutional arrangements for MRV. 


  • Institutional Arrangements for MRV: Drivers and Types of MRV
  • Commonalities and Differences in Institutional Arrangements
  • Examples of Institutional Approaches
  • Recommendations for Improving Institutional Capacity