Strengthening Community Level Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Actions: Indonesia's Climate Village Programme (PROKLIM)



Indonesia has recognised the need for all stakeholders and communities to work together to implement
climate adaptation and mitigation actions, to make them more effective and wide reaching,
and to achieve the national climate goals. The country also felt the needs for local communities to
understand their climate vulnerabilities and be empowered to take informed actions to mitigate and
adapt to these.

To address these needs, the Government of Indonesia, through the Ministry of Environment and Forestry,
initiated an innovative program in 2012 called 'The Kampung Iklim (Climate village) Programme’
(ProKlim). ProKlim’s general goal is to enhance the Indonesian society’s understanding of climate
change and its impacts, and thus encourage real action to strengthen community resilience and promote
a low carbon emissions life style. It aims at disseminating and exchanging information and best
practices on climate change adaptation and mitigation action, improving local adaptive capacities
and the involvement of society and other stakeholders (Director General of Climate Change Number,
2017). As per a 2016 regulation, the programme acknowledges and awards local activities for climate
change adaptation and mitigation that enhance the community level welfare and are suitable for the
local context (Minister of Environment and Forestry of the Republic of Indonesia, 2016).

ProKlim has seen a positive uptake by relevant stakeholders at the national and sub-national levels,
with around 2000 villages having registered for it. The programme has been largely successful in
encouraging the active participation of communities in rural and urban areas, and the development
of policies and regulations by the local government, while also stimulating the involvement of other
related stakeholders including the private sector (information from the Ministry of Environment and

The programme qualifies as a good practice as it enjoys strong governmental backing for its implementation
and continuation and involves diverse stakeholders such as the private sector and development
organisations. Furthermore, while implementing climate actions at the community level, strong
emphasis is laid on integrating local knowledge and practices into adaptation and mitigation measures.